Our understanding of ancient Egyptian civilization’s knowledge of astronomy comes to us from illustrations and inscriptions in tombs, temples, and papyrus documents as well as the apparent alignments of their structures with solar, lunar and stellar events. It is commonly known that experts of ancient Khemit utilized astronomy for the layout of their pyramids.
One of the world’s oldest astronomical sites, Napta Playa is located in Egypt and dates back to 7,500 BC or before. Located 700 miles south of Cairo in southern Egypt, this Neolithic stone circle tracked the summer solstice and the rising of several different stars.
[In the above picture, taken by me at Esna, you can see these waxing and waning stages reflected in the fractions of the eye, representing conscious awareness, in the disks of the moon.]
“Astrophysicist Thomas G. Brophy has suggested that the southerly line of three stones inside the calendar circle represented the three stars of Orion’s Belt and the other three stones inside the calendar circle represented the shoulders and head stars of Orion as they appeared in the sky.”
After studying the site extensively, he purported that the alignments of the stones with certain stars illustrated an awareness of the cycle of the Precession of the Equinoxes.
Egypt boasts the oldest example of a sundial from about 1500 BC, and that’s only if you don’t count the shadows cast by the Obelisks that trace the path of the sun and date back to 6,000 years or more. The incredible astrological ceiling of Senmut, dated to around 1460 BC, portrays the stars of Sirius and Orion as well as the planets, Mercury, Venus, Jupiter, and Saturn. In fact, many of the Egyptian Neteru (gods and goddesses) which stemmed from very ancient predynastic traditions were known to represent the different stars and constellations, including the famous examples of Isis, who represented Sirius, and Osiris, who embodied the movements of the constellation of Orion. All of the Neteru represented differing aspects of the sun.
Cosmology of the Ancients
[Napta Playa stone circle is pictured above]
“The cosmology of the ancients of Khemit held that consciousness itself evolved and devolved through ages and stages of eternal cycles much like the ancient Vedic Cycles in India.”
The cosmology of the ancients of Khemit held that consciousness itself evolved and devolved through ages and stages of eternal cycles much like the ancient Vedic Cycles in India. They likened these ages to the daily stages of the sun and called them Kheper; the driller or rising sun at dawn known to us today as the ‘great awakening;’ or New Dawn, RA; the stubborn young sun at midmorning, Oon; the wise sun at noon when we have complete Gnosis or shadowless consciousness; Aten the wiser sun at mid-day, our highest stage of awareness after ‘the pause’ and Amun; the hidden sun as it dips below the horizon at dusk when we begin to feel disconnected from each other and require written and oral language in order to communicate.
This was our ‘Tower of Babel’ moment represented in Egypt in the myth of the jealous Set dividing his brother, Osiris into 42, or 14 pieces. There were 42 original tribes of ancient Khemit, and 42 nomes, or divisions of the land. Osiris, as the reflected light of the now ‘hidden’ sun is displayed by the 14 stages of the waning (into the void) and 14 stages of the waxing moon (into fullness) at night, also reflecting rising and falling consciousness.
The ancients of Khemit believed that we emerged from the last global catastrophic event at Zep Tepi or ‘the first time’ into the Age of Aten, our highest active stage of conscious awareness. We were deeply connected to our natural environment and each other through a more unified consciousness and were able to harness the forces of nature utilizing implosive technologies to build megalithic structures that embodied the wisdom of the ages. As we fell completely into separation consciousness around 6,000 years ago, we began to lose our ability to feel nature’s currents and needed a system, which we call ‘civilization’ to keep us in balance, or Ma’at. This was the beginning of the cycle of Amun and a new system of governing was created by the priests of Amun.
It was at this time that the ancient priests began to hide their superior knowledge and wisdom from the general public. The inner chambers and sanctuaries of the temples were closed to the people and made accessible only to the temple initiates based on their level of training and awareness. The truth of who we are and what we’re capable of is embedded deeply within the symbolism of the mythologies and temple rituals.